Online International Conference on ‘Two Centuries of Educational Policies in India 1823-2023’, 31 July-1 August 2023

Two Centuries of Educational Policies in India 1823-2023

On 31 July 1823 , the colonial administration established the first education department in  Benga1, ca1led the General Committee of Public Instruction. In 1813, the British Parliament had earmarked 100,000 rupees to promote education in India, and the government had not used it to support ‘ modern’ education. The government faced intense criticism from Indians and feared they would approach the British Parliament to redress their grievances. Consequently, the colonial administration set up the General Committee of Public Instruct ion (GCPI), laying the foundation of the first education department in India. The GCPI consisted of ten members, all of them now characterised as Orientalists, to prepare replies to the parliament, handle Indian criticisms and advise the government on matters concerning education. It became the centre of the famous Anglicist-Orientalist debate. Within a year, educational departments were a]so established in Bombay and Madras Presidencies.

Later on, these early education departments gave way to the Board of  Education in 1841-42.  At the suggestion of Charles Wood ‘s Despatch of 1854, new education departments headed by Directors of Public Instruction were set up in  all  the  provinces.  Even  after  168  years,  this structure continues to exist to tlh.is day. The bicentenary of the first education department in India requires a new historical evaluation of the adopted policies and their implementations pursued by various governments. The conference aims to bring together historians and educationists working on colonial and post-colonial educational policies and practices.



Cite this blog post
mwfdelhi (2023, July 10). Online International Conference on ‘Two Centuries of Educational Policies in India 1823-2023’, 31 July-1 August 2023. Max Weber Forum for South Asian Studies (MWF Delhi). Retrieved May 26, 2024, from https://doi.org/10.58079/rpt6

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